The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR) is the result of a European study and promotes a communicative learning environment in which learners direct their own learning through activities based in real-world, everyday contexts. This learning includes oral (expression and comprehension) and written (expression and comprehension) components.
The following table outlines the six CEFR reference levels:
Introductory (capable of understanding and using simple expressions in response to concrete situations in daily life).
Intermediate level (Capable of understanding simple expressions pertaining to personal and family life, work, and shopping. Users at this level can also give simple descriptions of their training and discuss their day-to-day lives).
Threshold level (capable of understanding key points when addressed in clear, standard language about such familiar subjects as work and hobbies. Users at this level are also capable of expressing themselves about familiar subjects and fields of interest).
Advanced or independent level (capable of understanding key points in complex texts or technical discussion within the user’s field of expertise. Users at this level are capable of expressing themselves in a clear and thorough fashion on a wide range of subjects).
Autonomous level (capable of understanding long texts and implicit information. Users at this level are capable of expressing themselves in an effective, flexible, and well-structured manner on complex subjects).
Master level (capable of understanding practically all information, without significant effort, in both oral and written circumstances. Users at this level are capable of expressing themselves spontaneously, precisely, and with a great deal of fluency on complex subjects).
Click here to see a restructured version of the Common European Framework of Reference for the Learning/Teaching/Assessment of Languages.
This version represents the latest stage in a process that has been actively pursued since 1991 and that owes a great deal to the collaboration of many teaching professionals across Europe and beyond. The goal of this document is to promote the most effective use possible of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages in the learning, teaching, and assessment of languages. It is a first introduction to the Framework of Reference for all of its users.
The CECRL in Canada ?
Read this article, published on the website of the Avon Maitland District School Board, which discusses the way that this southern Ontario school board implemented the major principles of the CEFR.
Curriculum Services Canada has conducted several studies of the CEFR.
Watch these videos about CEFR-inspired French-as-a-Second-Language teaching methods at the primary and secondary levels.
Watch these videos about the conclusions of leading pedagogical experts regarding the CEFR as a tool in support of teaching and evaluation methods with regard to French as a Second Language programs in Ontario.