The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR) was created as the result of a European study and promotes a communicative learning environment in which learners direct their own learning through activities based in real-world, everyday contexts. This learning includes oral (expression and comprehension) and written (expression and comprehension) components.
The following table outlines the six CEFR reference levels:
|A1||Basic||Introductory (capable of understanding and using simple expressions in response to concrete situations in daily life)|
|A2||Basic||Intermediate level (Capable of understanding simple expressions pertaining to personal and family life, work, and shopping. Users at this level can also give simple descriptions of their training and discuss their day-to-day lives).|
|B1||Independent||Threshold level (capable of understanding key points when addressed in clear, standard language about such familiar subjects as work and hobbies. Users at this level are also capable of expressing themselves about familiar subjects and fields of interest).|
|B2||Independent||Advanced or independent level (capable of understanding key points in complex texts or technical discussion within the user’s field of expertise. Users at this level are capable of expressing themselves in a clear and thorough fashion on a wide range of subjects).|
|C1||Experienced||Autonomous level(capable of understanding long texts and implicit information. Users at this level are capable of expressing themselves in an effective, flexible, and well-structured manner on complex subjects).|
|C2||Experienced||Master level (capable of understanding practically all information, without significant effort, in both oral and written circumstances. Users at this level are capable of expressing themselves spontaneously, precisely, and with a great deal of fluency on complex subjects).|